This is only my second year planting garlic, although I’ve already happily reaped the harvests of garlic sown in 2013 and 2014. I am now a true believer in the cultivation of the stinking rose, a term for garlic which originated in ancient times.
Last year I planted roughly 25 cloves from four or five heads of German Red and Blanak varieties in the fall. Both of these are hardnecks, which do best in our northern climate and have robust, complex, and sometimes spicy flavors. I love the way their skins slide off easily after harvest, making prep a breeze. The softnecks are differentiated by milder flavors and a softer, braidable neck or top stem that grows above ground. Soft neck garlic stores well, is more challenging to prep, and is the type most commonly sold in grocery stores. The German Red and Blanak were a big success, evidenced by the couple of pounds of minced garlic mixed with olive oil in our freezer. My one mistake was not saving any heads for re-seeding!
I also forgot to purchase seed garlic in September and ended up calling local nurseries to locate some when favorite online sources sold out of hardnecks. I was able to purchase eight large heads of Music and Duganski which yielded over 50 plump cloves. Duganski is the purple striped variety shown above and Music is shown below.
My raised bed was enriched by two wheelbarrows of Coppertop compost, then leveled.
I planted the garlic cloves 3-4 inches deep and 6-8 inches apart although some folks plant them just 2 inches deep. Pointy side up, just like all bulbs. Now we wait for healthy roots to develop over the winter and green shoots to grow in spring.